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Lucas Kello

Lucas Kello

(DPhil MPhil Oxford, A.B. Harvard)

Associate Professor of International Relations, Director of the Centre for Technology and Global Affairs, Co-Director of the Centre for Doctoral Training in Cyber Security (Dept of Computer Science)
Office Address:
Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford, Manor Road, Oxford, OX1 3UQ

Lucas Kello is Associate Professor of International Relations at Oxford University. He serves as Senior Lecturer/Director of the Centre for Technology and Global Affairs, a major research initiative exploring the impact of modern technology on international relations, government, and society. He is also co-Director of the interdisciplinary Centre for Doctoral Training in Cyber Security at the Department of Computer Science. His publications include The Virtual Weapon and International Order (Yale University Press), “The Meaning of the Cyber Revolution: Perils to Theory and Statecraft” in International Security, and “Security” in The Oxford Companion to International Relations (Oxford University Press).

Research Interests

 International relations theory

 Security studies

 Technological revolution and international order

Cyber security International order International relations International security Public Policy Violence security and conflict


International Security and Conflict (PPE/History & Politics)

International Relations Core Seminar (MPhil IR)

Cyber International Relations (DPhil Cyber Security)

Strategy and Doctrine (DPhil Cyber Security)

Cross-Disciplinary Research Methods (DPhil Cyber Security)



“Private Sector Cyber Weapons: An Adequate Response to the Sovereignty Gap?,“ in Herbert Lin and Amy Zegart, Bytes, Bombs, and Spies: The Strategic Dimensions of Offensive Cyber Operations (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2019)

“Cyber Threats,” in Thomas G. Weiss and Sam Daws, eds., The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations, second edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018)

“European Cyber Defense,” in Hugo Meijer and Marco Wyss, eds., The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018)

"The Security Dilemma of Cyberspace: Ancient Logic, New Problems," A review of Ben Buchanan's The Cybersecurity Dilemma: Hacking, Trust and Fear Between Nations, Oxford University Press, Lawfare (2017)

The Virtual Weapon and International Order (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2017)

“Cyber Security: Gridlock and Innovation,” in David Held and Thomas Hale, eds., Beyond Gridlock (Cambridge: Polity, 2017)

“The Virtual Weapon: Dilemmas and Future Scenarios” (French version: "Les cyberarmes: Dilemmes et futurs possibles"), Politique étrangère, Vol. 79, No. 4 (2015)

“Correspondence: A Cyber Disagreement,” International Security, Vol. 39, No. 2 (Fall 2014)

“Security,” in Joel Krieger, ed., The Oxford Companion to International Relations, 3rd Edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014)

“The Shape of the Cyber Danger,” Policy Brief, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University (2014)

“The Meaning of the Cyber Revolution: Perils to Theory and Statecraft,” International Security, Vol. 38, No. 2 (Fall 2013), pp. 7-40

“The Skeptics Misconstrue the Cyber Revolution,” H-Diplo / International Security Studies Forum (2013)

“The Advantages of Latitude: Estonia’s Post-Communist Success Story,” in David Bosold et al., eds., Democratization and Security in Central and Eastern Europe and the Post-Soviet States (Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2012)

“European States Systems: Small-State Consequences,” Akadeemia: War and Peace, [Special Issue] Vol. 9 (2009)