Paul Timmers

Paul Timmers

Centre for Technology and Global Affairs Visiting Research Fellow
23 January 2018 until 31 December 2019
Office Address:
Department of Politics and International Relations, Manor Road, Oxford. OX1 3UQ

Paul Timmers is a visiting research fellow at Oxford University where he will study cybersecurity policy and digital transformation. Until 2017 he was Director at the European Commission for Digital Society, Trust & Cybersecurity, responsible for policy, legislation and innovation in cybersecurity, digital privacy, digital health & ageing, e‑government, and smart cities/mobility/energy and in that function also member of management board of ENISA, the EU’s network and information security agency. He was responsible for European cybersecurity legislation, including the Network and Information Security (NIS) Directive, the Regulation on electronic identity and trust services (eIDAS) and the ENISA Regulation. He was also co-responsible for significant parts of the EU’s research and innovation programmes in several fields.


He was member of the Cabinet of European Commissioner Liikanen where he dealt with the telecommunications and information society portfolios. He held various academic positions amongst others as visiting professor and is one of the most cited authors on (e-)business models.


Paul Timmers was manager in a large ICT company, he is co-founder of an ICT start-up, holds a PhD in physics from Nijmegen University in the Netherlands, an MBA from Warwick University in the UK, was awarded an EU fellowship at UNC Chapel Hill and completed executive cybersecurity education at Harvard.


His current research interests include cybersecurity industrial and trade policy, digital sovereignty, cybersecurity international business models as well as digital transformation. During 2017 he worked closely with UC Berkeley on comparative cybersecurity industrial policy. He is also senior advisor at the European Policy Centre in Brussels and investor in digital innovation.