Gendering the border effect: the double impact of Colombian insecurity and the Venezuelan refugee crisis
Julia Zulver, Postdoctoral Gender Research Officer, and Annette Idler, Senior Research Fellow, have co-authored a new article on gender on the Colombian–Venezuelan border.
In the Colombian–Venezuelan borderlands, the reconfiguration of armed group presence and mass migration create and reinforce conditions of high violence and risk. Against this backdrop, we ask: What are the gendered security implications of the double crisis in the borderlands? Based on fieldwork in four regions along the border, this article argues that the border effect is gendered; the very factors that coalesce to produce this effect exacerbate existing gendered power dynamics, particularly as these relate to gender-based violence. Accordingly, this article demonstrates the specific ways in which the border – as a facilitator, deterrent, magnet and/or disguise – reinforces experiences of gendered insecurity in this region. The article finishes by outlining the implications for other international borderland settings.