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Steve Tsang

Steve Tsang

(B.A. (Hons.) University of Hong Kong MA DPhil (Oxon))

Reader in Politics and Louis Cha Fellow in Modern Chinese Studies, St. Antonys College
(01865) 274505
St Antony's College

Research Interests

  • Chinas peaceful rise strategy and its foreign and security policy
  • Comparing political developments in China, Taiwan and Hong Kong, particularly over the development or non-development of democracy
  • Peace and security between China and Taiwan
  • Chiang Kai-shek
  • Nature of the political system in China
  • Politics of Taiwan
  • Global terrorism and intelligence
  • Chiang Kai-shek: A biography
  • The Xian Incident and the Start of the Sino-Japanese War
  • The Stilwell Affair
  • Lessons Taiwan learned from the Kuomingtangs failure on mainland China



  • Combating Transnational Terrorism: Searching for a new Paradigm (Santa Barbara & Oxford: ABC-Clio, 2009)
  • Taiwan and the International Community (Bern: Peter Lang, 2008)
  • Governing Hong Kong: Administrative Offices from the nineteenth century to the Chinese handover, 1862-1997 (London: I.B. Tauris, 2007 and Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2007)
  • Intelligence and Human Rights in the Era of Global Terrorism (ed.), (Westport & London: Praeger, 2007) Paperback edition by Stanford Security Studies, 2008
  • The Cold Wars Odd Couple: The Unintended Partnership between the Republic of China and the United Kingdom, 1950-1958 (London: I.B. Tauris, 2006)
  • If China Attacks Taiwan: Military Strategy, Politics and Economics (London: Routledge, 2006)
  • Peace and Security across the Taiwan Strait (ed.) (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2004)
  • A Modern History of Hong Kong (London: I.B. Tauris, 2003)


  • Judicial Independence and the Rule of Law in Hong Kong (ed.) (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001)
  • China en transicion: Sociedad, cultura, politica y economia (Barcelona: Edicion Bellaterra, 2000) (co-edited with Taciana Fisac).
  • Democratization in Taiwan: Implications for China (co-edited with Hung-mao Tien) (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999).
  • Hong Kong: An Appointment With China (London: I B Tauris, 1997) (Choices Outstanding Academic Book for 1998).
  • Government and Politics: A Documentary History of Hong Kong Volume I (Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 1995).
  • In the Shadow of China: Political Developments in Taiwan since 1949 (ed.) (London: C Hurst and Company, 1993).
  • Democracy Shelved: Great Britain, China and Attempts at Constitutional Reform in Hong Kong 1945-1952 (Oxford University Press, 1988).

Book chapters:

  • Taiwan as a Member of the International Community, in Steve Tsang (ed.), Taiwan and the International Community (Oxford & Bern: Peter Lang, 2008)
  • The Long-term Prospect for Taiwans Foreign Relations, in Steve Tsang (ed.), Taiwan and the International Community (Oxford & Bern: Peter Lang, 2008)
  • Chinas Global Awakening, in The World Book Year Book 2009 (Chicago:
  • Chinas Place in East Asia, in Christopher M. Dent (ed.), China, Japan and Regional Leadership in East Asia (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2008)
  • Chinas Grand Strategy and its Rise, in Bo Huldt, Mika Kerttunen, Bo Wallander, Masako Ikegami and Susanna Huldt (eds), Strategic Yearbook 2007: China Rising: Reactions, Assessments, and Strategic Consequences (Stockholm: Swedish Defence College and Finnish National Defence University, 2008)
  • Taiwans Changing Security Environment in Steven M. Goldstein and Julian Chang (eds), Presidential Politics in Taiwan: The Administration of Chen Shui-bian (Norwalk, CT EastBridge, 2008)
  • Looking East: The Rise of China, in David Held and David Mepham (eds), Progressive Foreign Policy - New Directions for the UK (London & Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2007)

  • Democratization in a Chinese community: Lessons from Taiwan, in Robert Ash and Megan Greene (eds), Taiwan in the 21st Century: Aspects and limitations of a developmental model (London & New York: Routledge, 2007)
  • Stopping global terrorism and protecting rights, in Steve Tsang (ed.) Intelligence and Human Rights in the Era of Global Terrorism, (Newport: Praeger, 2007)
  • Drivers behind the use of force, in Steve Tsang (ed.), If China Attacks Taiwan: Military strategy, politics and economics (London: Routledge, 2006)
  • War or Peace across the Taiwan Strait in Steve Tsang (ed.) Peace and Security across the Taiwan Strait (Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan, February 2004)
  • Peace Proposal Two: The Chinese Union Model in Steve Tsang (ed.) Peace and Security across the Taiwan Strait (Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan, February 2004)
  • The Rise of a Hong Kong Identity in Taciana Fisac & Leila Fernandez-Stembridge (eds.), China Today: Economic Reforms, Social Cohesion and National Identities (London & NY: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003).
  • La dinamica de la reforma economica y los cambios politicos en China in Pablo Bustelo and Fernando Delage (eds.), El nuevo orden internacional en Asia-Pacifico (Madrid: Piramide, 2002).
  • Commitment to the rule of law and judicial independence in Steve Tsang (ed.), Judicial Independence and the Rule of Law in Hong Kong (ed.) (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001).
  • Chiang Ching-kuo, the Nature of the Kuomintang and the Democratic Breakthrough in Taiwan in Taiwan Studies Promotion Committee of Academia Sinica (ed.) Change of an Authoritarian Regime: Taiwan in the Post-Martial Law Era. (Taipei: The Institute of Taiwan History (Preparatory Office), Academia Sinica 2001).
  • Taiwan y Hong Kong in Taciana Fisac and Steve Tsang (eds), China en transicion: Sociedad, cultura, politica y economia (Barcelona: Edicion Bellaterra, 2000)
  • China: Mitos y realidades (with Taciana Fisac) in Taciana Fisac and Steve Tsang (eds), China en transicion: Sociedad, cultura, politica y economia (Barcelona: Edicion Bellaterra, 2000)
  • Transforming a Party State into a Democracy in Steve Tsang & Hung-Mao Tien (eds.) Democratization in Taiwan: Implications for China (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999).
  • Calculated Ambiguity: The ROC in International Politics today in Marie-Luise Nath (ed.), The Republic of China on Taiwan in International Politics (Sonderdruck: Peter Lang, 1998).
  • Democratisation and the Confucian Tradition in Yossi Shain & Aharon Kileman (eds.) Enduring and Prospective Challenges to Democracy (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1997).
  • Government and Politics in Hong Kong: A Colonial Paradox, in Rosemary Foot & Judith Brown (eds.), Hong Kongs Transition, 1842-1997 (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1997).
  • Realignment of Power: The Politics of Transition and Reform in Hong Kong in P.K. Li (ed.) Political Order and Power Transition in Hong Kong (Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong Press, 1997).
  • Revitalising the Revolution: Chiang Kai-sheks Approach to Political Reform in the 1950s, in Proceedings of Centennial Symposium on Sun Yat-sens Founding of the Kuomintang for Revolution, vol.4 (Taipei: Modern China publishers, 1995)
  • Chiang Kai-shek and the Kuomintangs Policy to Reconquer the Chinese Mainland, 1949-1958, in Steve Tsang (ed.) In the Shadow of China: Political Developments in Taiwan since 1949 (London: C Hurst and Company, 1993).

Articles in refereed journals:

  • Consultative Leninism: Chinas new political framework, Journal of Contemporary China, (vol.18,no.62 Nov 2009)
  • Opportunism, Betrayal, and Manipulation in Maos Rise to Power (with Gregor Benton), The China Journal, no.55, January 2006.
  • A Sustainable Basis for Peace between China and Taiwan, American Asian Review vol.XX, no.4, winter 2002.
  • China and Taiwan: A proposal for Peace, Security Dialogue, vol.31, no.3, September 2000.
  • Political Developments in Hong Kong since 1997 and their Implications for Mainland China and Taiwan, American Asian Review, vol. XVIII, no.1, spring 2000.
  • Japans Role in the Asia Pacific: The Views from Greater China, Security Dialogue, vol.30, no.4, December 1999.
  • La Democratizacion en las sociedades confucionistas, Sistema, no.143, March 1998.
  • Changes in Continuity: Government and Politics in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region American Asian Review, vol.XV, no.4, winter 1997. Reprinted in Benjamin K.P. Leung (ed.), The InternationalLibary of social Change in Asia Pacific: Hong Kong (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003)
  • Strategy for Survival: The Cold War and Hong Kongs Policy towards Kuomintang and Chinese Communist Activities in the 1950s, The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, vol.25, no.2 (May 1997).
  • Maximum Flexibility, Rigid Framework: Chinas Policy Towards Hong Kong and its implications, Journal of International Affairs, Fall 1996.
  • La Unificacion de China, Revista de Occidente, no.172, September 1995.
  • Target Zhou Enlai: The `Kashmir Princess Incident of 1955, The China Quarterly (no.139, September 1994).
  • Unwitting Partners: Relations between Britain and Taiwan (1950-58), East Asian History, no.7, June 1994.
  • Political Problems Facing the Hong Kong Civil Service in Transition, Hong Kong Public Administration, volume 3, no.1, March 1994.
  • China and Political Reform in Hong Kong, The Pacific Review, vol. II, no. 1, 1989.

Articles in policy journals and non-refereed periodicals:

  • Taiwan and China: Olympian Task, The World Today, vol.64, no.3 (March 2008)
  • Putting the People First, Time, 18 June 2007
  • Who Wins in Iraq 5: China, Foreign Policy Magazine, March/April 2007
  • Pitaisiko EU:n kumota asevientikielto Kiinaan in Ulkopoitikka (The Finnish Journal of Foreign Affairs), Issue 2 of 2005, June 2005.
  • Why the EU Arms Embargo Should Stay, Far Eastern Economic Review, March 2005.
  • Hong Kongs timid pursuit of democracy, Newstatesman, 1 January 2005.
  • Keep the Arms Embargo on China, Far Eastern Economic Review, 22 April 2004
  • Taiwan Presidential Election: High Stakes, High Risks, The World Today, January 2004
  • Crisis in Hong Kong, China Review, no. 26, Autumn 2003
  • Lessons for Asia from Iraq, Far Eastern Economic Review, 15 May 2003.
  • Chinas Failure in Diplomacy, Far Eastern Economic Review, 27 February 2003.
  • Globalization, nationalism, sovereignty and Chinas place in the world, Nouveaux mondes, no. 11 (Autumn, 2002).
  • China y su periferia: Su politica hacia Taiwan, Tibet y Asia central, La Vanguardia Dossier, no.2, July-September 2002.
  • Pattern in Political Life: Hong Kong under Chinese Sovereignty, Hong Kong Update, CSIS, Fall 2000.
  • Hong Kong y China: Un Futuro Conjunto, Meridiano Ceri (June 1997).
  • China Despues de Deng: Destabilidad Politica?, Tempas para el debate, no.30 (May 1997).
  • International Order or Disorder?, Hong Kong Review (Spring 1996)
  • Taiwan: A Slippery Slope to Confrontation?, Parliamentary Brief, vol.4, no.5 (March 1996).
  • Victory Leaves Hong Kong with a Hangover, Parliamentary Brief, vol. 4, no.1 (October 1995).
  • Dealing With China After Hong Kong, Parliamentary Brief, vol.3, no.6 (April 1995).
  • A Governor for Hong Kong?, Hong Kong Monitor, (June 1992).
  • Hong Kong Elections 1991: Triumph for Democracy? Hong Kong Monitor, (December 1991).
  • Identity Crisis in Hong Kong, Hong Kong Monitor, (September 1990).
  • A Future Built on Hope: How the Foreign Affairs Committee Sees it, Hong Kong Monitor, (September 1989).
  • Hong Kong: An Anglo-Chinese Condominium?, Hong Kong Monitor, (June 1991).
  • The Confidence Problem and the Sino-British Joint Declaration, Hong Kong Monitor, (June 1989).
  • The Chinese Approach to the Basic Law, Hong Kong Monitor, (June 1988).
  • The Credibility of the Hong Kong Government, Hong Kong Monitor, (March 1988).
  • Political Risks in Hong Kong, Euro-Asia Business Review, vol. 6 no. 4 (October 1987).
  • Bureaucratic Government or Ministerial Government?, Hong Kong Monitor, (June 1987).
  • Beyond Daya Bay (The political implications of nuclear development in southern China), Hong Kong Monitor, (March 1987).
  • Democracy or Status Quo, Hong Kong Monitor, (January 1987).