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Mark van Vugt

Mark van Vugt

Research Associate

Mark van Vugt is Professor of Evolutionary Psychology, Work and Organizational Psychology at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the Netherlands.He is also Research Associate at the Department for Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford, UK. His expertise is in evolutionary perspectives on human social behavior and in applications of evolutionary psychology to fields such as leadership, business and management, economics, sustainability, health, politics, war and peace.

Mark van Vugt is Professor of Evolutionary Psychology, Work and Organizational Psychology at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the Netherlands. He is also Research Associate at the Department for Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford, UK. His expertise is in evolutionary perspectives on human social behavior and in applications of evolutionary psychology to fields such as leadership, business and management, economics, sustainability, health, politics, war and peace.


Curriculum vitae: Download Mark Van Vugt (215.6KB)

Research Interests

My main research interest is the study of group and organizational processes. I study these themes primarily from an evolutionary psychological perspective. In my research I look at all sorts of human groups, from small groups to large social networks. In my research I use a variety of research tools from experimental social psychology, cognitive psychology, behavioural economics, and neuroscience to find out more about questions such as:

How do groups organize themselves, how do they deal with social dilemma and with freeriders, how do they promote altruism and cooperation among their members, how do they resolve problems of leadership and status, and how do they interact with other groups?

As an evolutionary-minded psychologist, I am primarily interested in the psychological aspects of group and organziational behaviour (the proximate question), for example, why some people behave more selfishly and others altruistically. But I am also interested in how humans came to be a group-living species, and which psychological adaptations enable humans to successfully negotiate the various challenges and opportunities of group life (the ultimate question).

Specific research projects that I and my research collaborators are currently working on can be read on my personal website. 


Advances in group processes and intergroup relations
Advances in group processes and intergroup relations: A biosocial perspective - SP844

Group processes
Group processes: Perspectives from evolutionary and social psychology (A Darwinian view), SP603
Session 1: Why do we live in groups?
Session 2: The puzzle of human altruism
Session 3: Reputations matter in the evolution of cooperation
Session 4: Getting along and getting ahead: The evolution of status, obedience, and conformity
Session 5: Follow the leader... but at what cost? Managing the human group
Session 6: Staying alive by staying together: The nature of group cohesion
Session 7: Aggression and conflict within groups
Session 8: Intergroup relations
Session 9: Trust, coordination and social norms: Why some groups work and others don't
Session 10: From small to large groups: Evolution, culture, and the social brain



Giphart, R., & Van Vugt, M. (2018). Mismatch: How we are deceived daily by our Stone age brain. London: Little, brown publishers.

Giphart, R., & Van Vugt, M. (2016). Mismatch: Hoe we dagelijks worden misleid door ons oeroude brein. Amsterdam: Podium. (appeared in top 10 non-fiction books in the Netherlands). Van Lange, P., Balliet, D., Parks, C., & Van Vugt, M. (2014). Social Dilemmas. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Buunk, A. P., & Van Vugt, M. (2013). Applying Social Psychology: From Problems to Solutions. London: Sage (undergraduate/postgraduate text); Second edition.

Van Vugt, M. & Wildschut, M. (2013). Gezag: De wetenschap van macht, gezag, en leiderschap. Utrecht, NL: Arbeiderspers/A.W. Bruna (in Top 10 management books of the year). 4e druk. ISBN 9789400501959

Van Vugt, M., & Ahuja, A. (2011). Selected: Why some people lead, why others follow, and why it matters. London: Profile Books/Harper Collins. (translated so far in over 10 different languages)

Van Vugt, M. & Snyder, M. (2002). Cooperation in the 21st Century: Fostering community action and civic participation. American Behavioral Scientist, 45, 761-918.

Van Vugt, M., Snyder, M., Tyler, T., & Biel, A. (2000). Cooperation in modern society: Promoting the welfare of communities, states, and organisations. London: Routledge. (pp. 245).

Van Vugt, M. (1996). Social dilemmas and transport decisions. University of Maastricht Press.

Peer-Reviewed Science Journal Articles (by publication year)


Antonakis, J., Banks, G. C., Bastardoz, N., Cole, M. S., Day, D. V., Eagly, A. H., ... & Hogg, M. A. (2019). The Leadership Quarterly: State of the journal. Leadership Quarterly, 30(1), 1-9.

Asfar, D., Born, M. P., Oostrom, J. K., & van Vugt, M. (2019). Psychological Individual Differences as Predictors of Refugees’ Local Language Proficiency. European Journal of Social Psychology.

Barends, A. J., de Vries, R. E., & van Vugt, M. (2019). Power influences the expression of Honesty-Humility: The power-exploitation affordances hypothesis. Journal of Research in Personality, 103856. 

Barends, A. J., de Vries, R. E., & van Vugt, M. (2019). Gamified personality assessment: Virtual behavior cues of honesty-humility. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 227(3), 207.

Bastardoz, N., & Van Vugt, M. (2019). The nature of followership: Evolutionary analysis and review. The Leadership Quarterly, 30(1), 81-95

Gerpott, F. H., Lehmann-Willenbrock, N., Voelpel, S. C., & van Vugt, M. (2019). It’s Not Just What is Said, but When it’s Said: A Temporal Account of Verbal Behaviors and Emergent

Leadership in Self-Managed Teams. Academy of Management Journal, 62(3), 717-738.

Ji, T., Tybur, J. M., & van Vugt, M. (2019). Generalized or Origin-Specific Out-Group Prejudice?: The Role of Temporary and Chronic Pathogen-Avoidance Motivation in Intergroup Relations. Evolutionary Psychology, 17(1), 1474704919826851.

Ji, T., Tybur, J. M., Kandrik, M., Faure, R., & van Vugt, M. (2019). Women's implicit bias against threatening male faces: The role of emotion, hormones, and group membership. Hormones and behavior, 115, 1-6.

Kappeler, P. M., Fichtel, C., van Vugt, M., & Smith, J. E. (2019). Female leadership: A transdisciplinary perspective. Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews.

Knapen, J. E., Pollet, T. V., & van Vugt, M. (2019). When Better Seems Bigger: Perceived Performance of Adult Professional Football Players Is Positively Associated With Perceptions of Their Body Size. Evolutionary Psychology, 17(2), 1474704919841914.

Kordsmeyer, T. L., Freund, D., Vugt, M. V., & Penke, L. (2019). Honest Signals of Status: Facial and Bodily Dominance Are Related to Success in Physical but Not Nonphysical Competition. Evolutionary Psychology, 17(3), 1474704919863164.

Schlamp, S., Ronay, R., Oostrom, J., & Van Vugt, M. (2019, July). The Glass Pyramid Hypothesis: Sex Differences in Preferences for Organizational Hierarchies. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2019, No. 1, p. 13601). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of Management.

de Waal-Andrews, W., & van Vugt, M. (2019). The Triad Model of Follower Needs: Theory and Review. Current opinion in psychology. 

Van Vugt, M., & Smith, J. E. (2019). A Dual Model of Leadership and Hierarchy: Evolutionary Synthesis. Trends in cognitive sciences.


Alvarez, K., van Leeuwen, E., Montenegro-Montenegro, E., & van Vugt, M. (2018). Empowering the poor: A field study of the social psychological consequences of receiving autonomy or dependency aid in Panama. British Journal of Social Psychology, 57(2), 327-345.

Gerpott, F. H., Lehmann-Willenbrock, N., Silvis, J. D., & Van Vugt, M. (2018). In the eye of the beholder? An eye-tracking experiment on emergent leadership in team interactions. The Leadership Quarterly, 29(4), 523-532.

Grabo, A., & van Vugt, M. (2018). Voting for a Male Warrior or Female Peacekeeper? Testing the Evolutionary Contingency Hypothesis in the 2016 US Presidential Elections. Evolutionary Psychology, 16(2), 1474704918773267.

Grotens, R., Dijk, G. V., & Vugt, M. V. (2018). Leadership Practices of Council Secretaries in Turbulent Times; A Case Study. Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, 15(1), 29-42.

Knapen, J. E., Blaker, N. M., & Van Vugt, M. (2018). The Napoleon Complex: When Shorter Men Take More. Psychological science, 0956797618772822.

Li, N. P., van Vugt, M., & Colarelli, S. M. (2018). The evolutionary mismatch hypothesis: Implications for psychological science. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 27(1), 38-44.

Mashuri, A., van Leeuwen, E., & van Vugt, M. (2018). Remember your crimes: How an appeal to ingroup wrongdoings fosters reconciliation in separatist conflict. British Journal of Social Psychology.

Palomo-Vélez, G., Tybur, J. M., & van Vugt, M. (2018). Unsustainable, unhealthy, or disgusting? Comparing different persuasive messages against meat consumption. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 58, 63-71.

Smith, J. E., Ortiz, C. A., Buhbe, M. T., & van Vugt, M. (2018). Obstacles and opportunities for female leadership in mammalian societies: A comparative perspective. The Leadership Quarterly.

van der Meij, L., Gubbels, N., Schaveling, J., Almela, M., & van Vugt, M. (2018). Hair cortisol and work stress: Importance of workload and stress model (JDCS or ERI). Psychoneuroendocrinology, 89, 78-85.

van Dijk-Wesselius, J. E., Maas, J., Hovinga, D., van Vugt, M., & van den Berg, A. E. (2018). The impact of greening schoolyards on the appreciation, and physical, cognitive and socialemotional well-being of schoolchildren: A prospective intervention study. Landscape and Urban Planning, 180, 15-26.

Van den Akker, O., van Vugt, M., van Assen, M. A., & Wicherts, J. M. (2018). Sex Differences in Trust and Trustworthiness: A Meta-Analysis of the Trust Game and the Gift-Exchange Game. PsyArXiv. October, 19.

van Prooijen, J. W., & Van Vugt, M. (2018). Conspiracy theories: Evolved functions and psychological mechanisms. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1745691618774270.



Antonakis, J., Gardner, W. L., Grabo, A., Spisak, B. R., van Vugt, M., Reh, S., ... & Williams, C. E. (2017). Charisma: New frontiers: A special issue dedicated to the memory of Boas Shamir. The Leadership Quarterly, 28(4), 471.

de Vries, R. E., van Vugt, M., van Prooijen, J. W., Kwint, J., de Joode, M., Fraats, R., & Fiszter, C. (2017). Politieke persoonlijkheden: Perceptie van de publieke persoonlijkheid van partijleiders uit de Nederlandse politiek voorafgaand aan de 2017 Tweede Kamer verkiezingen.

Grabo, A., Spisak, B. R., & van Vugt, M. (2017). Charisma as signal: An evolutionary perspective on charismatic leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 28(4), 473-485.

Mehta, P. H., DesJardins, N. M. L., van Vugt, M., & Josephs, R. A. (2017). Hormonal underpinnings of status conflict: Testosterone and cortisol are related to decisions and satisfaction in the hawk-dove game. Hormones and behavior, 92, 141-154.

Ronay, R., Oostrom, J. K., Lehmann-Willenbrock, N., & Van Vugt, M. (2017). Pride before the fall:(Over) confidence predicts escalation of public commitment. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 69, 13-22.

Salam, A. P., Rainford, E., van Vugt, M., & Ronay, R. (2017). Acute Stress Reduces Perceived Trustworthiness of Male Racial Outgroup Faces. Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology, 1-11.

Van Vugt, M. (2017). Evolutionary psychology: theoretical foundations for the study of organizations. Journal of Organization Design, 6(1), 9.


De Vries, R. E., Tybur, J. M., Pollet, T. V., & Van Vugt, M. (2016). Evolution, situational affordances, and the HEXACO model of personality. Evolution and Human Behavior.

Gavrilets, S., Auerbach, J., & Van Vugt, M. (2016). Convergence to consensus in heterogeneous groups and the emergence of informal leadership. Scientific Reports.

Grabo, A. E., & Van Vugt, M. (2016). Charismatic leadership and the evolution of cooperation. Evolution and Human Behavior, 37, 399-406.

Van der Meij, L., Schaveling, J., & Van Vugt, M. (2016). Basal testosterone, leadership and dominance: A field study and meta-analysis. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 72, 72-79.

Von Rueden, C., & Van Vugt, M. (2016). Leadership in small-scale societies: Some implications for theory, research, and practice. The Leadership Quarterly. doi:10.1016/j.leaqua.2015.10.004


Smith, J. E., Gavrilets, S., Borgerhoff Mulder, M., Hooper, P. L., El Moulden, C., Nettle, D., Hauert, C., Hill, K., Perry, S., Pusey, A. E., Van Vugt, M., & Smith, E. A. (2015). Leadership in mammalian societies: Emergence, distribution, power, and pay-off. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 31, 54-66. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2015.09.013

Forsyth, D. R., Van Vugt, M., Schlein, G. and Story, P. A. (2015). Identity and sustainability: Localized sense of community increases environmental engagement. Analyses of Social issues and Public Policy, 15, 233-252. doi: 10.1111/asap.12076.

Rusch, H., Leunissen, J. M., & Van Vugt, M. (2015). Historical and experimental evidence of sexual selection for war heroism. Evolution and Human Behavior, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2015.02.005

Spisak, B., O’Brien, M., Nicholson, N., & Van Vugt, M. (2015). Niche-construction and the evolution of leadership. Academy of Management Review, 40, 291-306.

Van Vugt, M., & Grabo, A. E. (2015). The many faces of leadership: An evolutionary psychology approach. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 25, 484-489


Price, M. E. & Van Vugt, M. (2014). The evolution of leader-follower reciprocity: The theory of service-for-prestige. Frontiers of Human Neuroscience, doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00363.

Spisak, B. R., Grabo, A., Arvey, R., & Van Vugt, M. (2014). The age of exploration and exploitation: Younger looking leaders endorsed for change and older looking leaders endorsed for stability. Leadership Quarterly, 25, 805-816. 

Vugt, M. van, Griskevicius, V. & Schultz, P. W. (2014). Naturally green: Harnessing stone age psychological biases to foster environmental behavior. Social Issue and Policy Review, 8, 1-32.

Van Vugt, M., & Ronay, R. D. (2014).The Evolutionary Psychology of Leadership: Theory, Review, and Roadmap. Organizational Psychology Review, 4, 74-95. doi:10.1177/2041386613493635


Blaker, N. M., Rompa, I., Dessing, I. H., Vriend, A. F., Herschberg, C., & Van Vugt, M. (2013). The height leadership advantage in men and women: Testing evolutionary psychology predictions about the perceptions of tall leaders. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 16, 17-27. doi: 10.1177/1368430212437211

Cartwright, E., Gillet, J., & Van Vugt, M. (2013). Leadership by example in the weak-link game. Economic Inquiry, 51, 2028-2043. DOI: 10.1111/ecin.12003

Engelhard, N.P., Wal, A.J. van der & Vugt, M. van (2013). Competitief altruïsme op de werkvloer: Een evolutionair psychologische benadering. Gedrag en Organisatie, 26, 292-309.

Johnson, D. D. P., Price, M. E., & Van Vugt, M. (2013). Darwin’s invisible hand: Market competition, evolution and the firm. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 90, S128-S140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2012.12.016

Ohlsen, G., Van Zoest, W., & Van Vugt, M. (2013). Gender and facial dominance in gaze cuing: When emotional context matters in the eyes that we follow. PLOS-One.10.1371/journal.pone.0059471

Van Vugt, M. & Griskevicius, V. (2013). UNESCO World Social Science Report: Changing global environments. Going green: Using evolutionary psychology to foster sustainable lifestyles. : ISSC.

Van Vugt, M., & Iredale, W. (2013). Men behaving nicely: Public goods as peacock tails. British Journal of Psychology, 104, 3-13. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8295.2011.02093

Van der Wal, A., Krabbendam, A.C., Schade, H., & van Vugt, M. (2013). Do Natural Landscapes Reduce Future Discounting in Humans? Proceedings of the Royal Society-B. 280(1773).


Griskevicius, V., Cantu, S. M., & Van Vugt, M. (2012). The evolutionary bases for sustainable behavior: Implications for marketing, policy, and social entrepreneurship. Journal of Public Policy and Marketing, 31, 115-128.

McDonald, M., Navarrete, C. & Van Vugt, M (2012). The male warrior hypothesis. Philosophical Transactions. vol. 367 no. 1589 670-679; doi: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0301

Spisak, B., Dekker, P., Kruger, M., & Van Vugt, M. (2012).Warriors and peacekeepers: Testing a biosocial implict leadership hypothesis of intergroup relations using masculine and feminine faces. PLOS One (7)1: e30399. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0030399

Van Honk, J., Montoya, E., Bos, P., Van Vugt, M., & Terburg, D. (2012). New evidence on testosterone and cooperation. Nature, 485, E4-5. doi:10.1038/nature11136

Van Vugt, M., & Iredale, W. (2013). Men behaving nicely: Public goods as peacock tails. British Journal of Psychology, 104, 3-13. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8295.2011.02093

Van Vugt, M. (2012). Leadership, identity and the social brain. British Journal of Psychology,


Balliet, D., Li, N. P., Macfarlan, S. J., & Van Vugt, M. (2011). Sex differences in cooperation: A meta analytic review of social dilemmas. Psychological Bulletin, 137, 881-909. doi:10.1037/a0025354

Dunbar, R, Baron, R., Frangou, A., Pearce, E., van leeuwen, E., Stow, J., Partridge, G., Macdonald, I., Barra, V., & van Vugt, M (2011). Social laughter is correlated with an elevated pain threshold. Proceedings of the Royal Society-B doi: 10.1098/rspb.2011.1373.

Spisak, B. R., Homan, A. C., Grabo, A., & Van Vugt, M. (2011). Facing the situation: Testing a biosocial contingency model of leadership in intergroup relations using masculine and feminine faces. The Leadership Quarterly, 23, 273-280.

Van Lange, P., Finkenauer, C., Popma, A., & Van Vugt, M. (2011). Electrodes as social glue: Measuring heart rate promotes giving in the trust game. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 80, 246-250.


Gillet, J., Cartwright, E., & van Vugt, M. (2010). Selfish or servant leadership? Leadership and followership personalities in coordination games. Personality and Individual Differences, 51, 231-236.

Iredale, W., & Van Vugt, M. (2010). The peacock’s tail of human altruism. Psychology Review. 

Van Hooff, J. C., Crawford, H., Van Vugt, M. (2010). The wandering mind of men: ERP evidence for gender differences in attention bias towards attractive opposite sex faces. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. doi:10.1093/scan/nsq066

Van Vugt, M, & Hardy, C. L. (2010). Cooperation for reputation. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 1-11.


Brosnan, S. F., Newton-Fisher, N. E., & Van Vugt, M. (2009). A melding of minds: When primatology meets social psychology, Personality and Social Psychology Review, 13, 129-147.

Johnson, D., & Van Vugt, M. (2009). A history of war: The role of intergroup conflict in sex differences in aggression. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32, 280-281.

King, A., Johnson, D., & Van Vugt, M. (2009). The origins and evolution of leadership. Current Biology. R911-916. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2009.07.027

Van Vugt, M, & Park, J. (2009). Guns, germs and sex: Evolutionary psychology of intergroup relations. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. DOI: 10.1111/j.1751-9004.2009.00221

Van Vugt, M. (2009). Social dilemmas. SAGE Encyclopaedia for Group processes and Intergroup Relations

Van Vugt, M. (2009). Cooperation and competition. SAGE Encyclopaedia on Interpersonal Relationships.

Van Vugt, M. (2009). Averting the tragedy of the commons: Using social psychological science to protect the environment. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18, 169-173.

Van Vugt, M. (2009). Sex differences in intergroup competition, aggression and warfare: The male warrior hypothesis. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1167, 124-134.

Van Vugt, M. (2009). Despotism, democracy and the evolutionary dynamics of leadership and followership. American Psychologist, 64, 54-56.


Iredale, W., Van Vugt., M., & Dunbar, R. (2008). Showing off in humans: Male generosity as mate signal. Evolutionary Psychology, 6, 386-392.

Van Vugt, M. (2008). Follow me: The origins of leadership. New Scientist, 14 June, 2660.

O'Gorman, R. O., Henrich, J., & Van Vugt, M. (2008). Constraining free-riding in public goods games: Designated solitary punishers can sustain human cooperation. Proceedings of Royal Society-B, 276, 323-329.

Park, J., Schaller, M., & Van Vugt, M. (2008). The psychology of human kin recognition: Heuristic cues, erroneous inferences, and their implications. Review of General Psychology.12, 215-235

Van Vugt, M., & Spisak, B. (2008). Sex differences in the emergence of leadership during competitions within and between groups. Psychological Science, 19, 854-858. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02168.x

Stiff, C. E., & Van Vugt, M. (2008). The power of reputations: The role of third party information in the admission of new group members. Group Dynamics, 12, 155-166.

Van Vugt, M., Hogan, R., & Kaiser, R. (2008). Leadership, followership, and evolution: Some lessons from the past. American Psychologist, 63, 182-196. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.63.3.182

Van Vugt, M., Johnson, D., & O'Gorman, R. (2008). Evolution and the social psychology of leadership: The mismatch hypothesis. In Hoyt, C., Forsyth, D., & Goethals, A.. Social psychology of leadership.

Wilson, D. S., Van Vugt, M., & O'Gorman, R. (2008). Multilevel selection theory and major evolutionary transitions: Implications for Psychological Science. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 17, 6-9

Van Vugt, M., & Schaller, M. (2008). Evolutionary perspectives on group dynamics: An introduction. Group Dynamics, 12, 1-6.

Van Vugt, M., & Park. J. (2008). The tribal instinct hypothesis: Evolution and the social psychology of intergroup relations. In S. Sturmer & M. Snyder, New Directions in Helping and Intergroup Behavior. London: Blackwell.


Van Lange, P., Bekkers, R., Schuyt, T., & Van Vugt, M. et al. (2007). Social value orientations in real-life social dilemmas. Basic and Applied Social Psychology

Van Vugt, M., De Cremer, D., & Janssen, D. (2007). Gender differences in competition and cooperation: The male warrior hypothesis. Psychological Science. 18, 19-23.

Wilson, D.S., Van Vugt. M., & O’Gorman, R. (2008). Multi-level selection theory and is implications for social psychology. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 6-9.

Shaw P. J., Lyas J.K., Maynard S., Van Vugt M., (2007). "On the relationship between set-out rates and participation ratios as a tool for enhancement of kerbside household waste recycling.." Journal of Environmental Management, 83, 34-43.


Hardy, C., & Van Vugt, M. (2006). Nice guys finish first: The competitive altruism hypothesis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 1402-1413.

Hart, C. M., & Van Vugt, M (2006). From fault line to group fission: Understanding transformations in small groups. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 392-404.

Van Vugt, M. (2006). Evolutionary Origins of Leadership and Followership. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 10, 354-371


Lyas J.K., Shaw P. J., van Vugt M., (2005). "Kerbside recycling in the London Borough of Havering: progress and priorities." Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 45(1), 1-17

Van Vugt, M., Chang, K., & Hart, C. (2005). The impact of leader style on group stability. Chinese Journal of Psychology, 47, 365-380.


Van Vugt, M. (2004). Follow the leader…but at what cost? The Psychologist, 17, 274-277.

Van Vugt, M., & Hart, C. M. (2004). Social identity as social glue: The origins of group loyalty (2004). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 585-598.

Van Vugt, M., Jepson, S., Hart, C. M., & De Cremer, D. (2004). Autocratic leadership in social dilemmas: A threat to group stability. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 1-13

Joireman, J., Van Lange, P., & Van Vugt, M (2004). Who cares about the environment? Consideration of future consequences as determinant of travel mode choice. Environment and Behavior, 36, 187-206

J.K. Lyas, P.J.Shaw & M. van Vugt (2004). Provision of feedback to promote householders’ use of a kerbside recycling scheme: a social dilemma perspective. Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management 30, 7-18.


Van Vugt, M., Dowding, K., John, P., & Van Dijk, E. (2003). Exit or voice? Strategies for problem-solving in residential communities. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33, 321-338.

Lyas, J., Shaw, P., & Van Vugt, M. (2003) Short-term effects of feedback on householder recycling behaviour. Proceedings of The Eighteenth International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Philadelphia, 23-26 March 2003.

Powell, C., & Van Vugt, M. (2003). Genuine giving or selfish sacrifice in relationship dilemmas. European Journal of Social Psychology, 33, 403-412.


Van Vugt, M., & De Cremer. D. (2002). Leadership and cooperation in groups: Integrating the social dilemma and social identity perspectives. European Review of Social Psychology, 13, 155-184.

Van Vugt, M. (2002). Central, individual or collective control? Social dilemma strategies for natural resource management. American Behavioral Scientist, 45, 783-800.

De Cremer, D., & Van Vugt, M. (2002). Intra and intergroup dynamics of leadership in social dilemmas: A relational model of cooperation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 38, 126-136.

Holland, R., Meertens, R. M., & Van Vugt, M. (2002). Dissonance on the road: Self-esteem as a moderator of internal and external oriented modes of self-justification. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 12, 1713-1724.

Lyas, J., Shaw, P., & Van Vugt, M. (2002), Recycling in a London Borough: perceptions,participation and barriers to the use of survival bags. Proceedings of Waste 2002: Integrated Waste Management & Pollution Control; Research, Policy & Practice, Stratford-upon-Avon, 24 - 26 September 2002, pp. 199-208


Van Vugt, M. (2001). Community identification moderating the impact of financial incentives in a natural social dilemma. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 1440-1449.

Van Vugt, M. (2001). Self-interest as self-fulfilling prophecy. Behavioral and Brain Sciences,24, 429-430.

Joireman, J. Van Lange, P., & Van Vugt, M., Wood, A., Leest, T., & Lambert, C. (2001). Structural solutions to social dilemmas: A field study on commuter’s willingness to fund improvements in public transit. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 31, 504-526.


Brug, J., Van Vugt, M., Borne, B., Brouwers, A., & Van Hooff, H. (2000). Prosocial behavior in practice: A functional analysis of becoming an organ donor. Psychology and Health, 15, 357-368.

Dowding, K., John, P., & Van Vugt, M. (2000). Exit, voice, loyalty: Theoretical and analytic developments. European Journal of Political Science, 37, 469-495.


Van Vugt, M. and De Cremer, D. (1999). Leadership in social dilemmas: Social identification effects on collective actions in public goods. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76, 587-599.

Van Vugt, M. and Samuelson, C. D. (1999). The impact of metering in a natural resource crisis: A social dilemma analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 731-745.

De Cremer, D., & Van Vugt, M. (1999). Social identification effects in social dilemmas: A transformation of motives. European Journal of Social Psychology, 29, 871-893.

De Cremer, D., Van Vugt, M., & Sharpe, J. (1999). Effect of collective self-esteem on in-group evaluations. Journal of Social Psychology, 139, 530-532.


Van Vugt, M. (1998). The conflicts of modern society. The Psychologist, 5, 289-292.

Van Vugt, M., Howard, C. and Moss, S. (1998). Being better than some people but not better than average: Self-enhancing comparisons in aerobics. British Journal of Social Psychology, 37, 185-201.

De Cremer, D., & Van Vugt, M. (1998). Collective identity and cooperation in a public goods dilemma: A matter of trust or self-efficacy? Current Research in Social Psychology, 3, 1-11.

Selfe, S., Van Vugt, M. and Stone, W. (1998). Chronic gynealogical pain: An exploration of medical attitudes. Pain, 77, 215-225.

Van Lange, P. A. M., Van Vugt, M., Meertens, R. M. and Ruiter, R. A. C. (1998). A social dilemma analysis of commuting preferences: The roles of social values and trust. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 28, 337-342.

Van Lange, P. A. M., Van Vugt, M. and Veenendaal, A. F. M. (1998). Eigen gemak versus ons milieu: Mobiliteit als sociaal dilemma. Netherlands Journal of Psychology, 53, 126-137.

Van Vugt, M. (1997). Why the privatisation of public goods might fail: A social dilemma approach. Social Psychology Quarterly, 63, 355-366.

Van Vugt, M., Van Lange, P. A. M. and Meertens, R. M. (1997). Onderzoek naar sociale dilemma’s in de praktijk: De vervoerskeuze. Netherlands Journal of Psychology, 52, 10-21.

Joireman, J. A., Van Lange, P. A. M., Kuhlman, D. M., Van Vugt, M. and Shelley, G. P. (1997). An interdependence analysis of commuting decisions. European Journal of Social Psychology, 27, 441-463.

Van Vugt, M., Van Lange, P. A. M. and Meertens, R. M. (1996). A social dilemma analysis of travel mode judgements. European Journal of Social Psychology, 26, 373-395.

Van Vugt, M., Van Lange, P. A. M., Meertens, R. M. and Joireman, J. A. (1996). Why structural solutions to social dilemmas might fail: A field experiment on the first carpool priority lane in Europe. Social Psychology Quarterly, 59, 364-374.

Van Vugt, M., Meertens, R. M. and Van Lange, P. A. M. (1995). Car versus public transportation? The role of social value orientations in a real-life social dilemma. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 25, 258-278.

Book chapters


Van Vugt, M. (2017). Evolutionary, Biological, and Neuroscience Perspectives. The Nature of Leadership, 189.


Van Vugt, M. & Tybur, J. M. (2014). Evolution of status, hierarchy, dominance, and leadership. D. Buss (Ed.), Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology.  

Price, M., & Van Vugt, M. (2015). The service-for-prestige theory of leadership. In R. Arvey & S. Colarelli. The Biological Foundations of Organizational Behavior. Chicago: Chicago University Press.


Blaker, N. M., & Van Vugt, M. (2014). The Status-Size Hypothesis: How cues of physical size and social status influence each other. In J. T. Cheng, J. L. Tracy, & C. Anderson (Ed.), The Psychology of Social Status (pp. unknown). New York: Springer.

Van Vugt, M. (2014). On gazes, faces, votes and followers: Evolutionary and neuroscience approaches to leadership. In: J. Decety and Y. Christen. New frontiers in Social Neuroscience (pp. 93-110). Heidelberg: Springer. (IPSEN foundation). ISBN: 0945-6082


Van Vugt, M., & Kameda, T. (2012). Evolution and Groups. In J. Levine (Ed.,) Handbook of Group Processes. London: Sage.


Van Vugt, M. (2011). The Nature in Leadership. In J. Antonakis & D. Day (Eds.), The Nature of Leadership.


Iredale, W., & Van Vugt, M. (2010). The peacock’s tail of human altruism. In C. Roberts, Applied Evolutionary Psychology. 

Spisak, B., Nicholson, N., & Van Vugt, M. (2010). Evolutionary perspectives on leadership. In G. Saad (Ed.), Evolutionary Psychology of Business and Management.

Van Vugt, M., & Kameda, T. (2010). Evolutionary approaches to Group Dynamics. In J. Levine (Ed)., Handbook of Group Processes.

Van Vugt, M. (2010). The Male Warrior Hypothesis. In J. Forgas et al. *Eds.), Sydeny Symposium on Aggression and Violence.


Van Vugt, M., Johnson, D., Kaiser, R., & O’Gorman, R. (2009). The mismatch hypothesis: An evolutionary social psychological perspective on leadership (pp. 267-282). In D. Forsyth, A. Goethals, & C. Hoy. Social Psychology and Leadership. New York: Praeger.

Van Vugt, M., & Park, J. (2009). The tribal instincts hypothesis: Evolution and the psychology of intergroup relations. In Stefan Sturmer & Mark Snyder, New perspectives on intergroup helping. Chicester: Wiley


Van Vugt, M., & Kurzban, R. K. (2007). Cognitive and social adaptations for leadership and followership: Evolutionary game theory and group dynamics. In J. Forgas, W. von Hippel, & M. Haselton, Sydney symposium of Social Psychology, Vol. 9: The evolution of the social mind: Evolutionary psychology and social cognition (pp. 229-243). Hove: Psychology Press.

Van Lange, P. A. M., De Cremer, D., & Van Dijk, E., & Van Vugt, M. (2007). From aggression to altruism: Basic principles of social interaction. In E.T. Higgins & A. W. Kruglanski (Eds), Social Psychology: Handbook of Basic Principles (pp. 540-561). New York: Guilford.

Van Vugt, M., Roberts, G., & Hardy, C. (2007). Competitive altruism: Reputation-based cooperation in groups. In R. Dunbar & L. Barrett, Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology (pp. 531-540). Oxford: Oxford University Press


Van Vugt, M., & Van Lange, P. A. M. (2006). Psychological adaptations for prosocial behavior: the altruism puzzle. In M. Schaller, D. Kenrick, & J. Simpson, Evolution and Social Psychology, pp. 237-261. New York: Psychology Press


Van Vugt, M. (2005). Leadership. In G. Davey, Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Psychology (pp. 260). London: Hodder Arnold.


Van Vugt, M., & Gramzow, R. (2004). Social value orientation in social dilemmas: A survey practical. In G. Breakwell, Doing social psychology (pp. 128-153). London: BPS-press.


Van Vugt, M., Biel, A., Snyder, M., & Tyler, T. (2000). Cooperation in modern society: Helping the self, the community, and society. In Van Vugt, M. et al. (Eds.), Co-operation in modern society: Promoting the welfare of communities, states, and organizations (pp.3-24). London: Routledge.

Van Lange, P.A.M., Van Vugt, M., & De Cremer, D. (2000). The transportation dilemma. In Van Vugt, M. et al. (Eds.), Co-operation in modern society (pp. 45-63). London: Routledge.


Van Vugt, M. (1999). Solving natural resource dilemmas through structural change. In M. Foddy, M. Smithson, S. Schneider, and M. Hogg (Eds.), Solving Social Dilemmas (pp. 121-133). Sydney: Psychology Press.


Van Vugt, M., Meertens, R. M. and Van Lange, P. A. M. (1994). Commuting by car or public transportation? An interdependence theoretical approach. In U. Schulz, W. Albers, & U. Mueller (Eds.), Social dilemmas and co-operation (pp. 291-309). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Popular Science Columns and Blogs

Psychology Today. Naturally Selected. http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/naturallyselected

Trouw Science column Hoofdzaak

Volkskrant VONK (major Dutch newspaper). Hoofdzaak.

Management Team (2013-16). De Natuurlijke Leider. http://www.mt.nl/522/de-natuurlijkeleider